Beginner’s Guide to Golf Clubs

By under Beginners, Equipment

One of the first things you need to learn when picking up the game of golf is what all those golf clubs are used for. Many new golfers have a tough time deciding which club to hit from a particular distance. This brief description of the different clubs will help you decide which one to use.


The putter is the club you will use the most during a round of golf. It comes in different lengths and has different size heads, either mallet or blade. The standard size putter is either 35-inches in length or 34-inches in length, depending on the brand of clubs you buy. However, there are other styles of putters, such as the belly putter and long-handled putter.


Wedges are the shortest clubs in your golf bag. Beginners start carrying the sand wedge, because this club is designed to help you hit balls out of the sand bunkers surrounding the green. Most sand wedges have a 56-degree loft and can be used for distances of between 60 and 80 yards, as well as out of the sand bunkers close to the green. As you gain experience, you will find the need to carry other wedges with you. Most wedges are available in 2-degree increments, from 48-degrees to 64-degrees. The higher the degree, the less distance you will get out of each wedge.

Pitching Wedge

The pitching wedge is another club you will use a lot during a round of golf. It is part of the wedge family, but almost every golfer carries one of these golf clubs. It is the second shortest club in your bag and can be hit an average distance of 80 to 110 yards. However, you will find yourself using this club to pitch or chip the golf ball on to the green.


The irons are the clubs commonly used off the fairway and are easier to control than the woods. These golf clubs have three different categories: short irons, mid-irons and long irons. However, a beginning golfer should only carry short irons and mid-irons in their bag. Each iron has a number to identify the loft and length of the iron. The 8 and 9 irons are considered the short irons and are used to hit the ball anywhere from 90 yards to 130 yards, on average. The mid-irons are numbered 5, 6 and 7. These irons can be used to hit the ball from 110 yards to 160 yards, on average. Some golfers choose to carry the long irons, which are numbered 3 and 4, but these irons are hard to hit for a beginner. Most beginning golfer should carry the 5, 6, 7, 8 and 9 irons in their bag.


Hybrid golf clubs are becoming very popular, even for professional golfers. These clubs give you the control of an iron, but have the distance of a wood. Most beginning golfers should replace their 3 and 4 iron with hybrid golf clubs. Some golfers even choose to replace all their irons with hybrid clubs. Each iron has a hybrid golf club that is equal in length and loft. However, most golfer carry these hybrid clubs because they are easier to hit than the long irons. The heads look like a smaller version of the woods. The 4 hybrid can be hit by an average golfer a distance of between 140 and 170 yards. The 3 hybrid can generally be hit a distance of between 150 and 180 yards.

Fairway Woods

The fairway woods provide the beginning golfer the clubs required to hit the ball longer distances off the fairway. Most golfers carry a 3 wood and a 5 wood in their bag when they first start golfing. The 3 wood commonly has a loft of 15 degrees, but can vary between manufacturer. The 5 wood generally has an 18 degree loft on the club. Remember, the more loft the less distance. These two clubs are good for hitting the golf ball longer, but you lose a little control, because of their length.


The driver is the longest club in your bag. Many beginners picture themselves hitting the ball a great distance with this club, but find the driver hard to control. This club is not used that often during a round of golf. It is typically only hit off the tee box and that only occurs about 14 times, because of the shorter holes, called Par 3s, on the course. The drivers also have the largest head on the end of the club, than any other golf club in your bag. These clubs come in lofts between 8.5 degrees to 12 degrees, in increments of .5 degrees. Most beginning golfers should use a driver with either a 10.5 degree loft or more. The lower the loft, the harder this club will be to hit.

Recommended Set for Beginners

Most beginning golfers should spend their money on a set of golf clubs that has one driver, a 3 wood, 5 wood, 3 hybrid, 4 hybrid, 5 through 9 irons, pitching wedge, sand wedge and putter. You don’t need one of those high-priced golf sets. Spend that extra money on lessons and learn how to hit each club, before moving to the more expensive game-improvement clubs.

2 Responses to “Beginner’s Guide to Golf Clubs”

  1. Samantha

    Thanks fro your great post about all the different clubs for beginners.

    Reply to this comment
  2. Matt

    thanks for the advice, just getting started and hoping to have a blast!

    Reply to this comment

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