The Different Options of Wedges

By under Short Game

Every golfer knows that most of their shots are made within 100 yards of the green. Because of this, some golfers use several different wedges, knowing they can help your short game. It is important to remember, that you have to weigh the pros and cons of carrying more wedges. The more wedges you have, the less of the other clubs you can carry in your bag, since the United States Golf Association (USGA) limits the number of clubs you can have in your bag to 14.


The pitching wedge is the most common wedge and generally comes with a set of golf clubs.  It is one of the most versatile clubs in the golf bag if you are within about 100 yards of the flagstick. This wedge can be used for pitch shots or chip shots and is a wedge that every beginning golfer must have in their bag. You will find yourself using this golf club a lot. Most pitching wedges come in lofts of 45 to 48 degrees.  You’ll want to know what loft your pitching wedge is so you can space out your other wedges.

There are a variety of wedges on the market today. You can find everything from an approach wedge, gap wedge, sand wedge and lob wedge, all with a variety of lofts and bounce. These wedges are commonly called the scoring clubs. When using these clubs, you are attempting to get as close to the flagstick as possible, that is why they are called the scoring clubs. Deciding on which wedges to carry in your golf bag depends on your golf game.


Every beginning golfer must have a sand wedge in their golf bag so they make those shots out of the green-side sand bunkers. The sand wedge is designed with the proper bounce and loft so you can make these kind of shots. Most sand wedges come in lofts of between 55 and 58 degrees, but these clubs are not limited to hitting the golf ball out of a sand bunker. You can use a sand wedge to get out of the long grass that surrounds the green, as well as the sand bunker. You can even use this club to make pitch shots or chip shots, depending on how close you are to the green.

Approach or Gap

Approach wedges and gap wedges are the same type of wedge. These wedges generally have less loft than a sand wedge, but more loft than a pitching wedge. For the average golfer, this type of wedge is used when he or she is within 80 yards of the green, but can also be used for a variety of other shots, such as pitch or chip shots. Most approach or gap wedges have 50 to 54 degrees of loft.


The lob wedge is a specialty club that many experienced golfers carry in their bag. This type of wedge is the most lofted of golf clubs, generally starting out at 60 degrees and going as high as 64 degrees or even higher. This wedge is used when you are close to the green and need to spin the golf ball a lot when it hits the green or stop immediately. A lot of experienced golfers use the lob wedge to make a flop shot. This type of shot is attempted when there is very little green between the ball and the flagstick.

As you get better at golf, you will find yourself wanting to carry different wedges in your golf bag. It is a good decision only if you can hit these different wedges consistently. You may even decide to put in different wedges, or remove them, depending on the length of the golf course you are playing. One thing you must keep in mind is that you must always practice a lot with these different wedges to ensure that you know which ones you need.

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